Mr. Trump, whose response to the pandemic has drawn criticism, first introduced that he deliberate to halt funding to the W.H.O. in April, claiming that the group had made a collection of errors because it battled the coronavirus.

His transfer to withdraw drew instant criticism. Senator Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, a Republican who’s the chairman of the Senate’s well being committee, mentioned that he disagreed with the president’s choice.

“Withdrawing U.S. membership may, amongst different issues, intrude with scientific trials which are important to the event of vaccines, which residents of the USA in addition to others on the planet want,” he mentioned in a statement. “And withdrawing may make it more durable to work with different nations to cease viruses earlier than they get to the USA.”

The nation can’t withdraw till subsequent 12 months, after the presidential election. Former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., the presumptive Democratic nominee, said on Twitter that he would rejoin the W.H.O. “on my first day as President.”

The president of the United Nations Basis, Elizabeth Cousens, mentioned in an announcement that the administration’s “transfer to formally withdraw from the W.H.O. amid the best public well being disaster that Individuals and the world have confronted in a century is shortsighted, pointless, and unequivocally harmful.”

Mr. Trump turned on the W.H.O., the world’s premier international well being group, this spring, accusing it of doing too little to warn the world of the outbreak. The truth is, the company issued its first alarm on Jan. 4, simply 5 days after the native well being division of Wuhan introduced a cluster of 27 instances of an uncommon pneumonia at a neighborhood seafood market, and adopted up with a detailed report the next day.

Lawrence Gostin, the director of the W.H.O.’s Collaborating Heart on Nationwide & World Well being Regulation, referred to as the choice “among the many most ruinous presidential choices in latest historical past.”

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