By Philippa Roxby
Well being reporter

picture copyrightGetty Photographs

The Covid vaccine is being supplied to anybody aged 18 and over in England.

What’s extra, the Pfizer jab has been approved for children aged 12 and over, though it is not been determined whether or not most youngsters will probably be vaccinated.

Who can get a vaccine now?

Will jabs have an effect on my fertility?

Not solely is there no proof that vaccines trigger fertility issues in males or girls, however specialists say there is not any lifelike means they may.

The jab includes introducing into the physique a innocent fragment of the virus’s genetic materials, or the directions to make it. There isn’t any means it can provide you Covid, or have an effect on your DNA in any means.

The one factor taking place in your physique is your immune system firing up, on the point of shield you in opposition to future encounters with the virus.

In actual fact, getting coronavirus itself has the potential to have an effect on fertility.

And many ladies concerned in vaccine trials have gone onto conceive.

What if I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?

Covid could make some girls significantly unwell in late being pregnant and this may improve the chance of infants being born early. A recent study additionally discovered a barely larger price of stillbirth in pregnant girls who examined constructive for the virus across the time of start.

That is why the UK’s vaccine committee says pregnant women should be offered a vaccine which protects in opposition to Covid.

The vaccine has been given to 120,00zero pregnant girls within the US. Based mostly on that information, being pregnant specialists within the UK have concluded it’s secure and efficient in stopping Covid-19.

The recommendation is to have a Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, as a result of there may be extra proof these are secure for pregnant girls. You might be inspired to debate any questions you might need along with your GP or midwife.

For those who desire, you may delay vaccination till after your 12-week scan, however there isn’t a medical cause to take action, past your individual peace of thoughts.

For those who’re planning a being pregnant or are breastfeeding, you may nonetheless have a vaccine, government guidance says.

Does the vaccine have an effect on intervals?

Some girls say they’ve skilled unusually heavy, painful or prolonged periods after being jabbed however it’s not recognized if the vaccine was the trigger.

There are believable causes the vaccine may trigger modifications to intervals. The jab prompts a rise in exercise within the immune system, which additionally performs a task within the menstrual cycle.

These modifications may really feel disagreeable or worrying, however there may be nothing to recommend they will have an effect on your fertility or trigger any long-term injury to your well being.

media captionMust you get the Covid vaccine when you’re pregnant?

Can I drink alcohol after the vaccine?

There isn’t any revealed information on the results of alcohol on how nicely the physique builds immunity after the vaccine.

Whereas there is not any proof to recommend you want to keep away from alcohol altogether, consuming in giant portions can suppress your immune system.

So it is best to not overdo it for a couple of days, particularly you probably have vaccine side-effects.

What vaccine will I get and may I select?

You’ll be able to’t select what vaccine you get – it is primarily based in your age and no matter vaccines can be found once you get your jab.

Nevertheless, when you’re beneath 40 or pregnant you will be offered Pfizer or Moderna.

What are the negative effects and the chance of blood clots?

Most are gentle, fully regular and disappear after a couple of days.

They occur as a result of the physique’s defences are reacting to the vaccine, and embody:

  • a sore arm
  • tiredness
  • fever
  • headache
  • feeling sick

Folks aged beneath 55 usually tend to get side-effects from Pfizer and Moderna.

With AstraZeneca, negative effects are extra frequent after the primary dose than the second.

Underneath-40s are being supplied alternate options to AstraZeneca due to a potential link between the vaccine and extremely rare blood clots in a tiny number of people.

It isn’t clear if the vaccine is the trigger, however the clots seem to occur barely extra usually in youthful adults.

For everybody else, the advantages of AZ and the opposite vaccines far outweigh dangers, the UK regulator says.

Bear in mind, 1,900 folks in each million have died from Covid within the UK, and blood clots are a typical symptom of the illness.

media captionWhy it’s regular for some folks to expertise short-term negative effects from Covid-19 vaccines

Do I’ve to have the vaccine?

No. However everyone seems to be being urged to get two doses to guard themselves, their household, pals and wider society.

  • have saved greater than 13,00zero UK lives, in keeping with Public Well being England
  • assist scale back individual to individual virus unfold (or transmission)
  • assist shield in opposition to new variants

And not using a jab, you could not have the ability to journey overseas or do sure jobs.

What about folks with allergy symptoms?

A really small variety of folks have skilled a extreme allergic response, anaphylaxis, after the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines.

This could occur with some vaccines. It is best to focus on any allergy symptoms along with your healthcare skilled.

What if I’ve obtained lengthy Covid?

A latest examine, not but revealed, suggests vaccination might help enhance lengthy Covid signs.

The vaccine may press the physique’s reset button and assist it recuperate, researchers say.

What if I hate needles?

If you find yourself jabbed, say you do not like needles. Then look away.

Many individuals say the injection is painless and hardly discover something.

Will kids get the jab?

The Pfizer jab has now been authorized within the UK for 12-15-year-olds, though it is not but been determined whether or not to widen the vaccination programme to incorporate them.

The vaccine is secure and efficient on this age group and the advantages outweigh any dangers, the UK regulator says.

Older teenagers, moderately than youthful ones, usually tend to be contaminated and move on the virus, though they’re not possible to fall unwell.

The argument for vaccinating them can be to maintain circumstances low, preserve colleges open and shield adults and the susceptible.

However some say that is unethical with so many at-risk adults nonetheless unvaccinated all over the world.

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