Saudi Arabia imposed strict limits on this yr’s hajj, dashing the hopes of many pilgrims.

Yearly, Saudi Arabia performs host to tens of millions of Muslims from around the globe participating within the pilgrimage to Mecca referred to as the hajj. It’s a sacred ceremony for Muslims and a dependable supply of revenue for the Saudi financial system and of status for its monarchy.

However not this yr.

The dominion introduced on Monday that the hajj, which is going down subsequent month, would welcome “very restricted numbers” of pilgrims to stop the unfold of the coronavirus.

In an announcement printed by the state-run Saudi Press Company, the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah, which oversees the pilgrimage, stated the occasion would permit solely Saudi pilgrims and people from different international locations already inside the dominion.

The ministry didn’t specify the goal attendance, however the limitations will certainly make this yr’s pilgrimage a lot smaller than these in recent times, which have been huge.

In 2019, 2.49 million pilgrims took half within the hajj, based on the Saudi General Authority for Statistics, and 1.86 million of them got here from overseas.

The diminished numbers may strike a giant monetary blow to a kingdom already reeling from low oil costs and an financial slowdown attributable to the lockdown. The holy cities of Mecca and Medina are prone to be particularly onerous hit.

For the numerous Muslims planning to make the pilgrimage, it should even be a serious disappointment. The hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, and a journey each Muslim who is ready should undertake as soon as in a lifetime.

Muslims who’ve spent years saving for the journey and jockeying for bookings will now have to attend till subsequent yr to strive once more.

President Trump on Monday signed a proclamation quickly suspending work visas and barring greater than half one million foreigners from coming to work in the US, a part of a broad effort by the administration to dramatically restrict entry into the nation throughout the financial downturn attributable to the coronavirus pandemic.

The restrictions would block entry into the US underneath the H-1B visa program for high-skilled employees, and would additionally have an effect on a number of different classes of visas, though it could exempt well being care professionals and farm employees, amongst others. Taken collectively, senior administration officers stated, the employee visa bans and inexperienced card suspensions would forestall 525,000 immigrants from working in the US between now and the top of the yr.

The order, which has been anticipated for a number of weeks, is fiercely opposed by a broad swathe of companies — together with excessive tech firms in Silicon Valley, producers, and others — whose leaders say it should block their potential to recruit critically wanted employees from abroad international locations for jobs that People can not or won’t carry out.

Stephen Miller, the architect of the president’s restrictive immigration insurance policies, has pushed for years to restrict or eradicate the employee visas, arguing that they hurt employment prospects for People. In current months, he has argued that the financial misery attributable to the virus has made it much more essential to show off the spigot of overseas entry into the US.

In April, the president signed an government order that suspended for 60 days the issuance of inexperienced playing cards to foreigners seeking to stay in the US. However on the time, Mr. Miller and the president bowed to stress from the enterprise neighborhood to keep away from imposing limits on employee visas.

Monday’s order extends the green-card prohibition along with suspending the issuance of most of the employee visas, which will probably be efficient by the top of the yr. As well as, the administration officers stated that the president would order new laws to completely change employee visas sooner or later in order that overseas job affords go to extra extremely paid, highly-skilled employees that can compete much less with People.

Key Information of the Day

New circumstances within the U.S. account for 20 p.c of recent world circumstances because the pandemic surges around the globe.

Because the virus spreads at document speeds around the globe, the United States accounted for 20 p.c of all the brand new infections worldwide on Sunday, based on New York Times data, even because the nation’s inhabitants makes up about 4.3 percent of the world’s.

New circumstances continued to surge over the weekend in 22 states, particularly within the West and the South. Oklahoma and Missouri reported their largest single-day case will increase but on Sunday.

Over the weekend, Florida additionally handed 100,000 circumstances in accordance the state’s health department and the surgeon normal there started formally advising that each one residents put on face coverings “in any scenario the place social distancing will not be potential.”

In Washington’s Yakima County, the place the variety of circumstances has greater than doubled up to now month, the scenario is dire. Gov. Jay Inslee stated the county was at a “breaking level.” With a scarcity of hospital beds, sufferers have been being taken to Seattle, greater than two hours away, for medical care. Yakima hospitals are additionally reporting important staffing shortages due to workers who’re sick with the virus or are underneath a 14-day quarantine after being uncovered.

Within the wake of one other record-setting day for brand new circumstances, Dr. Michael Ryan, the chief director of the W.H.O.’s well being emergencies program, stated on Monday that elevated testing was not driving the surge in circumstances.

“We don’t consider that it is a testing phenomenon,” he stated. “Clearly, hospital admissions are additionally rising in various international locations, deaths are additionally rising, and they aren’t as a result of improve testing, per se. So there positively is a shift within the sense that that the virus is now very nicely established on the world stage.”

The declaration comes two days after Mr. Trump instructed supporters at a political rally in Tulsa, Okla., that he had urged U.S. officers to slow down testing for the virus. Mr. Trump has attributed the current upswing of circumstances in the US to elevated testing.

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director normal of the W.H.O., stated on Monday that greater than 183,000 new circumstances worldwide have been reported within the final 24-hour interval, “simply essentially the most in a single day up to now.”

He additionally warned international locations to not make the virus a political concern, notably as infections worldwide are on the rise.

“We all know the pandemic is a lot greater than a well being disaster — it’s an financial disaster, a social disaster and in lots of international locations a political disaster,” Dr. Tedros stated. Although he didn’t name out particular international locations, the virus has turn out to be politically contentious in a number of international locations, together with the United States, the place the White House has begun rolling again its personal virus-related precautions, and Brazil.

Over the weekend, Brazil grew to become the second nation to log greater than 50,000 virus-related deaths. New circumstances throughout the nation proceed to spike, notably in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Some epidemiologists say if that pattern continues, Brazil could top the United States for essentially the most virus-related deaths by late July.

The case and dying counts in Mexico additionally proceed to rise, prompting officials in Mexico City — which has seen the brunt of the infections — to carry off on plans to reopen malls and out of doors markets.

In Germany, which was praised for shortly implementing lockdowns and large-scale testing, a recent increase in infections has been tied to the nation’s largest pork processing plant, which has recorded greater than 1,300 circumstances amongst employees.

Elements of Africa are additionally changing into world sizzling spots, after being largely spared from the virus earlier this yr. South Africa is now seeing a median of 1,000 new circumstances a day, and virus-related deaths in Egypt are on the rise.

Well being division leaders throughout the U.S. face threats.

Leaders of native and state well being departments have been topic to harassment, private insults and dying threats in current weeks, a barrage of abuse from a vocal and indignant section of the inhabitants who say that masks necessities and restrictions on companies have gone too far.

The steadily escalating threats prompted one prime well being official, Dr. Barbara Ferrer, the director of the Los Angeles County Division of Public Well being, to concern an announcement on Monday condemning assaults on public well being administrators and disclosing that she has been residing with repeated threats to her security.

“In my case, the dying threats began final month, throughout a Covid-19 Fb Stay public briefing when somebody very casually steered that I ought to be shot,” Dr. Ferrer stated in an announcement. “I didn’t instantly see the message, however my husband did, my kids did, and so did my colleagues.”

“It’s deeply worrisome,” she added, “to think about that our hardworking infectious illness physicians, nurses, epidemiologists and environmental well being specialists or any of our different workforce members must face this stage of hatred.”

Many public well being officers entered the coronavirus pandemic this yr with bare-bones staffing and strained budgets, leaving them ill-prepared to deal with the mounting disaster.

Lori Tremmel Freeman, the chief government of the Nationwide Affiliation of County and Metropolis Well being Officers, stated in an interview final week that dozens of prime well being officers have resigned or been fired because the pandemic started.

“There’s a giant pink goal on their backs,” she stated. “They’re changing into villianized for his or her steerage. In regular instances, they’re very trusted members of their neighborhood.”

world roundup

Germany scrambles to include an outbreak on the nation’s largest pork processing plant.

Germany is scrambling to include a fast-growing outbreak within the nation’s largest pork processing plant.

The authorities have confirmed 1,331 new circumstances amongst employees on the Tönnies plant within the northwestern city of Rheda-Wiedenbrück within the final week. The encircling neighborhood has been quarantined and colleges and day care facilities have been closed. State and federal well being employees and troopers had been deployed to hold out large-scale testing.

Some employees blamed an absence of security measures and area to apply social distancing. A video launched in early April, apparently recorded by a employee, confirmed a crowded cafeteria. The state prosecutor stated he was contemplating opening an investigation.

With the brand new circumstances, the nation’s R0, or “r-naught,” which represents the variety of new infections estimated to stem from a single case, shot as much as 2.7 on Monday, a quantity not seen since a nationwide shutdown that began in March lowered the speed. However the nationwide well being authority, the Robert Koch Institute, cautioned that the R0 was excessive exactly as a result of the variety of circumstances remained comparatively low.

In different worldwide information:

  • India’s underfunded hospitals have begun to buckle because the nation stories more infections per day than any nation apart from the US and Brazil. Folks in determined want of therapy are being turned away, particularly in New Delhi. Scores have died within the streets or at the back of ambulances.

  • A prime well being official in South Korea, Jeong Eun-kyeong, stated that the nation had been battling a “second wave” since early Might, however that the caseload remained too small to qualify as a real “wave.” South Korea has reported new circumstances within the double digits in current weeks, after recording as many as 800 circumstances a day a number of months in the past.

  • Native authorities in Spain on Monday have been pressured to reimpose lockdown restrictions in some municipalities of Huesca, a northeastern province, after new clusters of infections surfaced, together with one amongst seasonal farm employees. The step again got here solely a day after Spain lifted a nationwide state of emergency.

  • French colleges opened their doorways in earnest after weeks of incremental steps, although solely two weeks stay earlier than the summer season break. Jean-Michel Blanquer, the schooling minister, told France Inter radio that confinement had been a “world schooling disaster” for college kids, and vowed that those that had dropped behind throughout the lockdown would obtain particular assist.

  • Hundreds of Palestinians, many carrying masks and gloves, gathered within the West Financial institution to reveal in opposition to the prospect of Israeli annexation. Mai Kaila, the well being minister of the Palestinian Authority, emphasised the urgency of the protest. “Our individuals know in regards to the risks of the coronavirus, however they needed to ship a message to the entire worldwide neighborhood in opposition to annexation,” she stated. Lots of of recent virus circumstances have been recorded within the West Financial institution up to now week, bringing the full just below 1,000.

  • The United Nations Normal Meeting will conduct its annual assembly just about for the primary time this September, and world leaders are anticipated to ship their speeches through prerecorded video statements, the president of the 193-member group stated Monday. The president didn’t rule out the chance that some leaders might select to talk in particular person.

NEW YORK ROUNDUP

New York Metropolis begins a brand new part of reopening: places of work.

Two weeks after it started easing virus restrictions, New York Metropolis reached one other main milestone on Monday, as places of work have been allowed to open and as many as 300,000 individuals have been expected to return to work in person.

Part 2 of reopening additionally permits for out of doors eating, some in-store procuring, hair salons, barbershops and actual property work.

At his day by day briefing on Monday, Mayor Invoice de Blasio known as it “a large step for this metropolis.”

“That is the place most of our financial system is,” he stated.

Nonetheless, with places of work required to restrict their most capability to make sure social distancing, the variety of individuals returning to work seemed to be a fraction of those that as soon as jostled elbows on crowded subways and in high-rise elevators.

“It’s good to get again to sort of regular, although it’s not 100 p.c regular,” stated Kiki Boyzuick, 45, who works in human sources in Midtown Manhattan.

On Monday morning, a time when Midtown would sometimes be filled with employees, the sidewalks remained largely vacant and the subway automobiles nonetheless felt comparatively empty.

The mayor stated that whereas some companies may be reluctant to reopen their places of work in the summertime, he would encourage them to deliver employees again within the fall.

“The extra that individuals see it’s working, the extra individuals will need to come again,” he stated. “I feel plenty of companies will say, ‘We simply can not get carried out this work as nicely if individuals don’t spend extra time collectively.’”

In a survey carried out this month by the Partnership for New York Metropolis, a enterprise group, respondents from 60 firms with Manhattan places of work predicted that solely 10 p.c of their workers would return by Aug. 15.

At Fancy Wave Salon in Flushing, Queens, hairstylists wore face shields, gloves and masks as they attended to their shoppers’ hair. Derrick Chan, the proprietor, stated he was thrilled to reopen.

“We needed to just about keep house, no revenue,” he stated. “That’s why you must save up for the wet days.”

Right here’s what else is occurring within the area:

  • Extra riders returned to public transportation throughout Part 1 in New York Metropolis than transit officers had anticipated. On the subway, day by day ridership has climbed to 17 p.c of pre-pandemic ranges, when ridership exceeded 5 million. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority expects as many as two million individuals throughout Part 2.

  • Regarding Phase 3, Mr. de Blasio stated Monday town would wait the state-mandated minimal of two weeks, and that officers would want to see explicit proof of the outbreak easing.

    “It’s going to be after all a better bar as a result of to do one thing right here impacts so many tens of millions of individuals,” he stated.

  • Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York said Monday on CNN that he was discussing, with the governors of New Jersey and Connecticut, what to do about vacationers coming from different states recording will increase in circumstances, at the same time as he described a quarantine by Florida imposed on New Yorkers in March as “extra political than the rest.”

    “I wouldn’t goal a selected state,” he stated. “I might take into account states with the very best transmission price, that if someone comes from that state to New York, there’s a interval of quarantine the place they quarantine themselves to verify they’re not spreading it.”

  • Since February, the backlog of pending circumstances in New York Metropolis’s legal courts has risen by practically a 3rd — to 39,200. The justice system has been limping together with digital hearings, however officials are struggling with how to restart trials and grand jury proceedings.

  • In New York State, there have been 10 further virus-related deaths, Mr. Cuomo said Monday. In New Jersey, 27 extra individuals had died, Gov. Philip D. Murphy stated.

  • Casinos in New Jersey may reopen at 25 p.c capability on July 2, Mr. Murphy stated, with different restrictions to be introduced quickly.

The White Home on Monday started easing virus-related restrictions it has had in place since March, even because the Trump marketing campaign introduced that two extra marketing campaign aides had examined constructive.

Temperature checks on the advanced will probably be scaled again, permitting many White Home employees members who’ve been working remotely to return to their places of work. And the cafeteria within the Eisenhower Government Workplace Constructing, throughout the road from the West Wing, will probably be reopened.

However assuring that Mr. Trump and Vice President Mike Pence won’t be uncovered to the virus by guests stays a precedence.

“Each employees member and visitor in shut proximity to the president and vice chairman remains to be being temperature-checked, requested symptom histories and examined,” Judd Deere, a White Home spokesman, stated in an announcement.

Mr. Deere stated that White Home officers would proceed to apply social distancing, use hand sanitizer and put on face masks on a voluntary foundation, and that the work areas could be deep cleaned frequently.

In saying the brand new pointers, the White Home adopted the lead of the Metropolis of Washington, which started the second part of its reopening on Monday.

The White Home pointers additionally mirror Mr. Trump’s emphasis on returning to regular. They have been put in place simply days after he staged a “comeback” rally in Tulsa, Okla., the place he tried to pack an indoor area with 19,000 individuals.

Tim Murtaugh, a marketing campaign spokesman, stated in an announcement on Monday that the 2 staffers who had examined constructive “attended the rally however have been carrying masks throughout your complete occasion.”

“Upon the constructive assessments, the marketing campaign instantly activated established quarantine and make contact with tracing protocols,” he added.

The information delivered to eight the variety of Trump marketing campaign advance staffers who’ve examined constructive in current days. Six aides who had labored on the occasion had examined constructive on Saturday, hours earlier than the rally, and didn’t attend. The rally drew 6,200 individuals, based on the Tulsa Fireplace Division.

Democrats pounced on Monday on Mr. Trump’s declare throughout the Tulsa rally that he had requested his “individuals” to “sluggish the testing down” so they could discover fewer circumstances, urgent prime administration officers on Monday to supply information and inside assessments associated to the sharp uptick in circumstances throughout the nation.

Consultant James E. Clyburn, Democrat of South Carolina and the chairman of a particular virus oversight committee, wrote to Mr. Pence and prime well being officers asking for particulars on what the Trump administration was doing to manage the unfold.

“No American ought to go untested as a result of the president fears an correct rely of infections, and there may be nothing ‘overblown’ about saving American lives,” Mr. Clyburn wrote.

Clusters across the U.S. have been more and more linked with social and spiritual gathering locations.

As components of the nation tentatively reopen, clusters of circumstances have unfold from essentially the most broadly recognized places — like meatpacking crops, nursing properties and prisons — to places which have gotten far much less consideration.

4 individuals who hung out at Cruisin’ Chubbys Gents’s Membership, a Wisconsin strip membership, not too long ago examined constructive. In Colorado, not less than 11 employees members at Eagle Lake In a single day Camp got here down with the virus earlier than any campers confirmed up, main the camp to shut for the remainder of the summer season.

Different clusters have been linked to fraternity rush events in Mississippi. Officers stated these gatherings appeared to violate guidelines that ban indoor gatherings of greater than 20 individuals except social distancing steps are taken.

Church buildings, whose reopenings have been debated, are rising as sources of main clusters across the nation. A minimum of 236 circumstances have been not too long ago linked to Lighthouse Pentecostal Church in Oregon.

Specialists say clusters will doubtless proceed to crop up across the nation as individuals come into extra contact with each other.

“Reopening is a part of the story,” stated Dr. Arnold S. Monto, a professor of epidemiology on the College of Michigan College of Public Well being, who famous that as states get again to enterprise, extra individuals will probably be in danger. However the virus can be notoriously erratic, he stated, leaving sure individuals extra prone to transmit it than others.

“You’ve people who’re tremendous spreaders,” he stated, not as a result of they’re irresponsible, however as a result of there’s something completely different in how their physique reacts to the virus. “It’s a organic phenomenon we don’t perceive.”

Federal help has averted poverty for tens of millions within the U.S., research say.

An unprecedented growth of federal help has prevented the rise in poverty that experts predicted this yr when the pandemic despatched unemployment to the very best stage because the Nice Despair, two new research recommend.

The research carry essential caveats. Many People have suffered starvation or different hardships amid lengthy delays in receiving the help, and far of the help is scheduled to run out subsequent month. Hundreds of thousands of individuals have been excluded from receiving any assist, particularly undocumented migrants, who usually have American kids.

Nonetheless, the proof means that the packages Congress swiftly licensed in March have carried out a lot to guard the needy, a discovering prone to form the controversy over subsequent steps at a time when 13.three p.c of People stay unemployed.

“Proper now, the protection web is doing what it’s alleged to do for many households — serving to them safe a minimally first rate life,” stated Zachary Parolin, a member of the Columbia College workforce forecasting this yr’s poverty price. “Given the magnitude of the employment loss, that is actually exceptional.’’

The Columbia group’s midrange forecast has poverty rising solely barely this yr, to 12.7 p.c, from 12.5 p.c earlier than the virus. With out the March legislation that offered one-time checks to most People and weekly bonuses to the unemployed, it could have reached 16.three p.c, the researchers discovered. That might have pushed practically 12 million extra individuals into poverty.

A separate research analyzing Census Bureau survey knowledge discovered that incomes rose amongst needy People in April, regardless of cresting unemployment, as authorities funds started.

That research, by researchers on the College of Chicago and Notre Dame, estimated that poverty in April and Might fell to eight.6 p.c for the earlier 12 months, from 10.9 p.c in January and February. (They use a unique census definition of poverty than the Columbia group.)

A neater-to-administer therapy strikes to human trials.

Gilead Sciences, an American biopharmaceutical firm, will soon start trials of an inhalable version of remdesivir, an antiviral drug that has proven some preliminary promise as a virus therapy, the corporate stated in an announcement on Monday.

At the moment, remdesivir is given intravenously, which restricts its use to hospitals. Gilead’s inhalable model of the therapy could be administered by a nebulizer, a tool usually used to deal with bronchial asthma sufferers, that sends a mist of therapeutic liquid into the airway. Gilead scientists hope {that a} extra handy therapy may very well be utilized by sufferers at numerous phases of an infection.

Nebulizers are extra generally out there than IV gear, stated Angela Rasmussen, a virologist at Columbia College. “Just about each outpatient pressing care clinic has them.” She stated that the system may probably be used to right away deal with individuals who have examined constructive however lack signs.

Remdesivir, which interferes with virus replication, is the primary drug to point out effectiveness in opposition to the coronavirus in human trials. It was given Emergency Use Authorization by the Meals and Drug Administration on Might 1, permitting physicians to manage the drug to Covid-19 sufferers. However the drug has not but been authorized, and its security and efficacy are at present being investigated in a number of scientific trials.

Starting this week, wholesome volunteers will probably be screened for participation in Part I trials, which is able to check for security. Covid-19 sufferers are anticipated to affix the lineup as early as August.

Tradition and Sports activities Roundup

The Golden Globes picked a later date for his or her 2021 occasion, a date the Oscars deserted.

The 2021 Golden Globes will take place on Feb. 28, a date that the Oscars abandoned last week in pushing its ceremony again. That permits the Globes to retain its place earlier than the Oscars within the calendar.

The Hollywood International Press Affiliation, the small group of journalists that arms out the Globes, didn’t say how the date would have an effect on eligibility of movie and tv collection, which usually adheres to the calendar yr. In different tradition and sports activities information:

  • The P.G.A. Championship introduced that golf’s first main championship this yr would proceed with out spectators Aug. 6 to 9 at T.P.C. Harding Park in San Francisco. Initially scheduled for Might, the occasion could be the primary golf main of 2020 contested with out followers, however probably not the final.

  • The Orlando Pleasure withdrew on Monday from the National Women’s Soccer League Challenge Cup after a number of employees members and gamers examined constructive with out specifying what number of. The workforce stated that nobody displayed signs.

  • An exhibition tennis tournament organized by the top-ranked males’s participant, Novak Djokovic, is inflicting panic in Zadar, Croatia, which had no confirmed infections till it hosted a leg of the competitors, the place there weren’t social distancing protocols. Now the gamers Grigor Dimitrov and Borna Coric and two coaches have confirmed infections.

  • Wednesday is the deadline for N.B.A. gamers to inform their groups whether or not they want to withdraw from participation when play resumes July 7 on the Walt Disney World Resort. The speed of confirmed circumstances in Orange County, Fla., the place the resort is, has risen considerably during the last week.

Right here’s how home work can safely resume.

As communities start to reopen, many individuals are questioning when it will likely be secure for babysitters and housekeepers to return to work. Listed below are some recommendations on how home workers and their employers can keep secure.

Reporting was contributed by Ian Austen, Brooks Barnes, Julie Bosman, Aurelien Breeden, Christopher Clarey, Choe Sang-Hun, Troy Closson, Michael Crowley, Luis Ferré-Sadurní, Jeffrey Gettleman, Rick Gladstone, Michael Gold, James Gorman, Andrew Higgins, Ben Hubbard, Annie Karni, Jeré Longman, Iliana Magra, Raphael Minder, Joe Orovic, Matt Phillips, Tariq Panja, Suhasini Raj, Adam Rasgon, Dagny Salas, Christopher F. Schuetze, Nate Schweber, Michael D. Shear, Daniel E. Slotnik, Megan Specia, Mitch Smith, Marc Stein, Eileen Sullivan, Lucy Tomkins, Neil Vigdor, Katherine J. Wu, Mihir Zaveri and Karen Zraick.





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