President Trump’s announcement on Friday that he had tested positive for the coronavirus has raised many questions on what the an infection might imply for the well being of America’s top leader.

In an announcement, the president’s doctor mentioned Mr. Trump, who’s 74, was “nicely” however didn’t say whether or not he was experiencing signs. He mentioned the president would keep remoted within the White Home for now.

Here’s what we find out about how the virus might have an effect on individuals along with his common profile.

Older males are up to twice as likely to die from Covid-19, the illness brought on by the coronavirus, as girls of the identical age are, in line with an evaluation by the Chinese language Middle for Illness Management and Prevention. One other research, printed in Nature in August, discovered that this was as a result of males produce a weaker immune response than do girls.

The potential for needing hospitalization rises after the age of 50, mentioned Raina MacIntyre, who heads the biosecurity program on the Kirby Institute of the College of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia.

Weight problems poses one other danger issue for dying — significantly amongst males, in line with an analysis of thousands of patients treated at a Southern California health system.

“In case you don’t know something about Donald Trump, simply realizing that he’s a male, over 70, and seems to be chubby, instantly, you possibly can say he’s within the high-risk group,” mentioned Michael Baker, a professor with the division of worldwide well being on the College of Otago in Wellington who’s an adviser to the New Zealand authorities.

Despite the fact that the danger of extreme sickness from Covid-19 will increase with age, most individuals who contract it get nicely rapidly with minimal signs.

“The excellent news is that even individuals who have a lot of danger elements, on common, do nicely,” Professor Baker mentioned. “Solely a minority have sickness and extreme penalties.”

“Lots of people his age who get Covid are literally advantageous,” mentioned Benjamin Cowling, head of the division of epidemiology and biostatistics on the College of Hong Kong.

The end result might be sophisticated if Mr. Trump has sure underlying well being circumstances, which researchers broadly agree pose a risk of serious illness.

Mr. Trump, White Home officers and his physician have maintained in current months that the president was in good well being. However Mr. Trump loves cheeseburgers and doesn’t train a lot, except for enjoying golf. In June, Mr. Trump’s physician said the president weighed 244 kilos, which makes him barely overweight.

“If he doesn’t have diabetes, hypertension or any long-term sickness, then the end result in all probability received’t be extreme,” mentioned David Hui, the director of the Stanley Ho Middle for Rising Infectious Illnesses on the Chinese language College of Hong Kong.

Specialists agree that the subsequent week can be crucial in figuring out the course of Mr. Trump’s sickness.

If Mr. Trump doesn’t develop signs, antibodies will seem 10 days after the onset of sickness and he’ll recuperate, in line with Dr. Hui on the Chinese language College of Hong Kong.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the Nationwide Institute of Allergy and Infectious Illnesses, has mentioned that “the excellent news about Covid-19” is that about 40 percent of those who get infected never develop symptoms.

Present estimates counsel that signs, if they seem, might accomplish that as quickly as two days or so long as 14 days after publicity to the virus.

If Mr. Trump develops delicate symptoms comparable to a cough, fever or shortness of breath, it might take him per week to recuperate. A extreme sickness, which might imply creating lung lesions and pneumonia, might require hospitalization, doable air flow and months of therapy.

“You couldn’t put a particular time on it,” mentioned Dominic Dwyer, a medical virologist on the College of Sydney. “No matter what one thinks about politics, you wouldn’t want this on anybody.”

Specialists agree that Mr. Trump’s therapy routine will rely on whether or not he develops signs within the coming days.

So long as he has no signs, or restricted signs, sustaining a cushty atmosphere wherein he may be remoted for 14 days and be commonly assessed by docs would suffice.

There’s, after all, no remedy but for Covid-19. But when Mr. Trump develops pneumonia and respiratory failure and different indicators of a extra critical situation, a number of treatments which were used broadly by docs and nurses can be accessible to him.

Remdesivir, an antiviral drug designed to deal with each hepatitis and a standard respiratory virus, has shown to be useful for treating severely sick sufferers. A steroid known as dexamethasone has additionally lowered mortality in such sufferers, in line with scientists on the College of Oxford.

Elsie Chen contributed reporting.



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